Sailin’ on the Edge

Video trailers for our little round the world sailing adventure…

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Sailing to Cape Horn on board HIR 3 – video…

…and a very short trailer…

Watermaker

Katadyn Survivor 35 – manual watermaker

No sailor wants to be caught in a situation where he or she is completely devoid of fresh drinking water, so a Watermaker is a survival must for all ocean boat emergency kits.

Katadyn originally made the Survivor line of desalinators because the U.S. Navy wanted hand-operated, reverse-osmosis watermaker for their 35-person life-rafts.

Katadyn Survivor 35 is the most widely-used emergency desalinator. Produces up to 4.5 litres per hour, it is widely used by US and international military forces, voyagers, sea kayakers, and other adventurers.

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To remove dissolved salts from seawater with reverse osmosis, part of the salt water is filtered through a semipermeable membrane. Only 10% of the water passes through the membrane. The remaining 90% flow past the membrane and at the same time cleans the membrane (self-cleaning effect). The small size of the “membrane pores“ ensures extremely pure drinking water, but extremely high pressures must be generated – normally 55 bar.

Jordan Series Drogue

JORDAN SERIES DROGUE is the ultimate survival device for ocean sailors.

Designer of the Series Drogue, Don Jordan was a retired aeronautical engineer and spent his career in aircraft and engine development. He has been an enthusiastic sailor all his life and also was a licensed pilot flying small aircraft on wheels and floats. Don had no financial interest in the manufacture or sale of the drogue. He has provided his own funding for the development. He was greatly assisted by the U.S Coast Guard, who made their facilities available for testing and analysis and who tested the final configuration in breaking waves at the Motor Lifeboat School on the Columbia River bar.

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Jordan Series Drogue is a safety device designed to prevent the capsize and damage of both monohull and multihull sailing yachts and other vessels operating in the open ocean, in the event of a “worst case” breaking wave strike, as well as improving the motion of the boat in storm waves and to reduce drift.

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The drogue consists of a number of small cones (from 100 to 200, 5 inch diameter cones attached) woven into a tapered line with a small weight at the end (15-25 lb. chain). The maximum design load and the number of cones is determined by the displacement of the boat.

The danger with the wind behind is pitchpoling, the Jordan Series Drogue will hold you back, stop you from surfing and prevent that happening. The yacht is still able to accelerate down the face of a wave, but the Drogue will slow it enough for the wave to pass through without dropping into a trough. The drag force is applied softly, allowing gentle acceleration until enough cones bite.

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A dangerous breaking wave is formed by the interaction of two or more storm waves. This type of wave has a large mass of water at its crest moving at wave speed (20-30 knots). When a vessel lying ahull is struck by this moving mass of water, a very large force is developed. In a typical event the boat has been successfully riding out the storm for many hours, then, 10 seconds later it lies dismasted and damaged. It is the function of the Drogue to turn the stern into this moving mass of water and pull it safely through. In a dangerous breaking wave strike, moving water may sweep the cockpit and strike the companionway doors. This is unavoidable, and is a necessary corollary to saving the vessel.

The Series Drogue has been at sea for over 25 years. At least 2000 are carried all over the world. The drogue has been deployed through many storms including several hurricanes.

A Jordan Series Drogue can be a lifesaver: LINK

3 Great Capes

Cape de Bonne Espérance, Leeuwin & Horn.

In sailing, the great capes are three major capes of the continents in the Southern Ocean — Africa’s Cape of Good Hope, Australia’s Cape Leeuwin, and South America’s Cape Horn.

A great cape, for us, can’t be expressed in longitude and latitude alone. A great cape has a soul, with very soft, very violent shadows and colours. A soul as smooth as a child’s, as hard as a criminal’s. And that is why we go. – BERNARD MOITESSIER

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The traditional clipper route followed the winds of the roaring forties south of the great capes. Due to the significant hazards they presented to shipping, the great capes became significant landmarks in ocean voyaging. A circumnavigation via the great capes is considered to be a noteworthy achievement.

Cape of Good Hope

The Cape of Good Hope is at the southern tip of the Cape Peninsula (South Africa), about 2.3 km  west and a little south of Cape Point on the south-east corner.

As one of the great capes of the South Atlantic Ocean, the Cape of Good Hope has long been of special significance to sailors, many of whom refer to it simply as “the Cape“.

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The first modern rounding of the cape in 1488 by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias was a milestone in the attempts by the Portuguese to establish direct trade relations with the Far East (although Herodotus mentioned a claim that the Phoenicians had done so far earlier). Dias called the cape Cabo das Tormentas (“Cape of Storms”; Dutch: Stormkaap), which was the original name of the “Cape of Good Hope”.

The Cape of Good Hope is the legendary home of The Flying Dutchman. Crewed by tormented and damned ghostly sailors, it is doomed forever to beat its way through the adjacent waters without ever succeeding in rounding the headland.

Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries and more specifically of the dangers Portuguese sailors faced when trying to round the Cape of Storms.

Cape Leeuwin

Cape Leeuwin is the most south-westerly mainland point of the Australian Continent, in the state of Western Australia. In Australia, the Cape is considered the point where the Indian Ocean meets the Southern Ocean.

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Matthew Flinders named Cape Leeuwin after the first known ship to have visited the area is the Leeuwin (“Lioness”), a Dutch vessel that charted some of the nearby coastline in 1622.

Cape Horn

Cape Horn (Spanish: Cabo de Hornos) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island. Although not the most southerly point of South America (which are the Diego Ramírez Islands), Cape Horn marks the northern boundary of the Drake Passage and marks where the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans meet.

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Cape Horn was discovered and first rounded by the Dutchman Willem Schouten, who named it Kaap Hoorn  after the city of Hoorn in the Netherlands.

The waters around Cape Horn are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailors’ graveyard. Sailing around the Horn is widely regarded as one of the major challenges in yachting.

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Several factors combine to make the passage around Cape Horn one of the most hazardous shipping routes in the world: the fierce sailing conditions prevalent in the Southern Ocean generally; the geography of the passage south of the Horn; and the extreme southern latitude of the Horn, at 56° south. The prevailing winds in latitudes below 40° south can blow from west to east around the world almost uninterrupted by land, giving rise to the “roaring forties” and the even more wild “furious fifties” and “screaming sixties”. These winds are exacerbated at the Horn by the funneling effect of the Andes and the Antarctic peninsula, which channel the winds into the relatively narrow Drake Passage. The strong winds of the Southern Ocean give rise to correspondingly large waves; these waves can attain great height as they roll around the Southern Ocean, free of any interruption from land. At the Horn, however, these waves encounter an area of shallow water to the south of the Horn, which has the effect of making the waves shorter and steeper, greatly increasing the hazard to ships. If the strong eastward current through the Drake Passage encounters an opposing east wind, this can have the effect of further building up the waves. In addition to these “normal” waves, the area west of the Horn is particularly notorious for rogue waves, which can attain heights of up to 30 meters. Ice is a hazard to sailors venturing far below 40° south. Although the ice limit dips south around the horn, icebergs are a significant hazard for vessels in the area. In the South Pacific in February icebergs are generally confined to below 50° south; but in August the iceberg hazard can extend north of 40° south. Even in February, the Horn is well below the latitude of the iceberg limit. These hazards have made the Horn notorious as perhaps the most dangerous ship passage in the world; many ships were wrecked, and many sailors died attempting to round the Cape.

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Owing to the remoteness of the location and the hazards there, a rounding of Cape Horn is widely considered to be the yachting equivalent of climbing Mount Everest, and so many sailors seek it for its own sake.

Source: Wikipedia

Cover photo: Francois Denis

Tour du Monde à la voile

Sailing around the World 2018/19…

HIR 3 is getting ready for another great adventure… We will sail around the World in 2018/19! Our route…

TOUR DU MONDE à la voile:

  1. Poreč – Cagliari (June 2018) – 10 days
  2. Cagliari – Gibraltar (July 2018) – 10 days
  3. Gibraltar – Canaries (July 2018) – 10 days
  4. Canaries – Cabo Verde (July 2018) – 10 days
  5. Cabo Verde – Cape Town (August/September 2018) – 45 days
  6. Cape Town – Freemanlte (September-November 2018) – 50 days
  7. Freemantle – Melbourne (November 2018) – 20 days
  8. Melbourne – Wellington (December 2018) – 20 days
  9. Wellington – Puerto Williams (December-February 2018/19) – 55 days
  10. Puerto Williams – Buenos Aires (February/March 2019) – 15 days
  11. Buenos Aires – Rio de Janeiro (March 2019) – 15 days
  12. Rio de Janeiro – Recife (March/April 2019) – 15 days
  13. Recife – Azores (April/May 2019) – 30 days
  14. Azores – Gibraltar ( May/June 2019) – 10 days
  15. Gibraltar – Malta (June 2019) – 15 days
  16. Malta – Poreč (June 2019) – 10 days

Join us… sasa.fegic@gmail.com

5 low-budget gifts for a sailor

Sailing equipment is very expensive, but here is a list of Top 5 gifts for a sailor if you are on a budget…

1. Seahorse magazine subscription

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A great gift for a sailor is a subscription to a favorite sailing magazine. Seahorse magazine is ideal for a racing sailor.

2. SailGrib Weather Routing

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The most important question on a boat is always what the weather is going to do, so a subscription for SailGrib weather routing makes a perfect gift…

3. Hei-Matau

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These very stylized hand crafted New Zealand Maori fish hook bone carvings and necklaces represent prosperity, abundance, fertility and strength. Hei-Matau are also seen as good luck charms, particularly for those traveling over water.

4. Rick Tomilson Porfolio Calendar

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Every edition of the highly acclaimed Rick Tomlinson Portfolio Calendar features 12 spectacular images from recent assignments around the world. Action and art has always been the Portfolio Calendar theme.

5. Yeti Rambler Colster

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Sailors love beer and this keeps your hand from getting cold and your beer from getting warm—what could be better:)? Yeti Rambler Colster is basically a thermos for your can of beer that will keep your brew cold for a very long time. You could also just use it as an insulated tumbler and pour whatever you wanted in there, hot or cold.