3 Great Capes

Cape de Bonne Espérance, Leeuwin & Horn.

Advertisements

In sailing, the great capes are three major capes of the continents in the Southern Ocean — Africa’s Cape of Good Hope, Australia’s Cape Leeuwin, and South America’s Cape Horn.

A great cape, for us, can’t be expressed in longitude and latitude alone. A great cape has a soul, with very soft, very violent shadows and colours. A soul as smooth as a child’s, as hard as a criminal’s. And that is why we go. – BERNARD MOITESSIER

ClipperRoute

The traditional clipper route followed the winds of the roaring forties south of the great capes. Due to the significant hazards they presented to shipping, the great capes became significant landmarks in ocean voyaging. A circumnavigation via the great capes is considered to be a noteworthy achievement.

Cape of Good Hope

The Cape of Good Hope is at the southern tip of the Cape Peninsula (South Africa), about 2.3 km  west and a little south of Cape Point on the south-east corner.

As one of the great capes of the South Atlantic Ocean, the Cape of Good Hope has long been of special significance to sailors, many of whom refer to it simply as “the Cape“.

Cape-of-Good-Hope-003

The first modern rounding of the cape in 1488 by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias was a milestone in the attempts by the Portuguese to establish direct trade relations with the Far East (although Herodotus mentioned a claim that the Phoenicians had done so far earlier). Dias called the cape Cabo das Tormentas (“Cape of Storms”; Dutch: Stormkaap), which was the original name of the “Cape of Good Hope”.

The Cape of Good Hope is the legendary home of The Flying Dutchman. Crewed by tormented and damned ghostly sailors, it is doomed forever to beat its way through the adjacent waters without ever succeeding in rounding the headland.

Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries and more specifically of the dangers Portuguese sailors faced when trying to round the Cape of Storms.

Cape Leeuwin

Cape Leeuwin is the most south-westerly mainland point of the Australian Continent, in the state of Western Australia. In Australia, the Cape is considered the point where the Indian Ocean meets the Southern Ocean.

Cape Leeuwin 3

Matthew Flinders named Cape Leeuwin after the first known ship to have visited the area is the Leeuwin (“Lioness”), a Dutch vessel that charted some of the nearby coastline in 1622.

Cape Horn

Cape Horn (Spanish: Cabo de Hornos) is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island. Although not the most southerly point of South America (which are the Diego Ramírez Islands), Cape Horn marks the northern boundary of the Drake Passage and marks where the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans meet.

Cabo_de_Hornos

Cape Horn was discovered and first rounded by the Dutchman Willem Schouten, who named it Kaap Hoorn  after the city of Hoorn in the Netherlands.

The waters around Cape Horn are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailors’ graveyard. Sailing around the Horn is widely regarded as one of the major challenges in yachting.

cape horn-rock

Several factors combine to make the passage around Cape Horn one of the most hazardous shipping routes in the world: the fierce sailing conditions prevalent in the Southern Ocean generally; the geography of the passage south of the Horn; and the extreme southern latitude of the Horn, at 56° south. The prevailing winds in latitudes below 40° south can blow from west to east around the world almost uninterrupted by land, giving rise to the “roaring forties” and the even more wild “furious fifties” and “screaming sixties”. These winds are exacerbated at the Horn by the funneling effect of the Andes and the Antarctic peninsula, which channel the winds into the relatively narrow Drake Passage. The strong winds of the Southern Ocean give rise to correspondingly large waves; these waves can attain great height as they roll around the Southern Ocean, free of any interruption from land. At the Horn, however, these waves encounter an area of shallow water to the south of the Horn, which has the effect of making the waves shorter and steeper, greatly increasing the hazard to ships. If the strong eastward current through the Drake Passage encounters an opposing east wind, this can have the effect of further building up the waves. In addition to these “normal” waves, the area west of the Horn is particularly notorious for rogue waves, which can attain heights of up to 30 meters. Ice is a hazard to sailors venturing far below 40° south. Although the ice limit dips south around the horn, icebergs are a significant hazard for vessels in the area. In the South Pacific in February icebergs are generally confined to below 50° south; but in August the iceberg hazard can extend north of 40° south. Even in February, the Horn is well below the latitude of the iceberg limit. These hazards have made the Horn notorious as perhaps the most dangerous ship passage in the world; many ships were wrecked, and many sailors died attempting to round the Cape.

cape

Owing to the remoteness of the location and the hazards there, a rounding of Cape Horn is widely considered to be the yachting equivalent of climbing Mount Everest, and so many sailors seek it for its own sake.

Source: Wikipedia

Cover photo: Francois Denis

10 must have items for a Hipster Sailor

Everyone wants to look cool, so here is a list of top 10 items for a hipster sailor…

Proper sailing is not about style & fashion. Often, the best equipped crews are actually the worst… But everyone wants to look cool in a posh marina, so here is a list of a Top 10 must have items for a hipster sailor if money is no object…

15492140_1275323102541703_2756424549570442779_n

1. IWC Schaffhausen Yacht Club Ctonograph

510536921With its beautifully laid-out silver-plated dial and blued hands and indices, the Portuguese Yacht Club Chronograph“ Ocean Racer” is the perfect watch as it mirrors the elegance of a racing yacht… The tradition behind the Portuguese watch family goes all the way back to the precision nautical instruments used by seafarers to discover the world.

2. Carbon Fibre Wallet

ragged-edge-gear-garage-grown-gear
RAGGEDedge Gear Wallet made of strong and lightweight carbon fiber will look cool when you’ll be buying rounds in a local yacht club;)

3. Rudy Project Sunglasses

990_505_scritta
Spinhawk Sailing sunglasses is synonymous with a timeless success. The broad, extra-comfortable Grilamid frame is made to last. A cutting-edge, stylish accessory for every situation, from post-competition to leisure time and, with Polar3FX Grey laser frames eliminate reflections and reduce vision stress.

4. Sperry Boat Shoes

04-img_1359
Sperry has been outfitting men with the sure footing of high-performance, high-style boat shoes for more than 80 years, and that tradition of excellence has evolved into today’s must-have shoes for adventurous spirits. Sperry boat shoes for men come with the promise of innovative comfort features, as well as Sperry’s staple wet/dry traction for non-slip safety in any weather or conditions. From the latest materials like mesh and patterned fabrics, to athletic-inspired designs, to 3-eye styles, men’s deck shoes from Sperry are cutting-edge for the modern adventurer to evoke enduring style at home, at sail and abroad. There is also an America’s Cup Edition… 

5. America’s Cup Polo Shirt

42768061-a20-1_662x662A polo shirt from the America’s Cup Event Collection is a real eye-catcher for the summer. It’s not only the stylish event embellishments that make this shirt stand out from the crowd, but also its high-quality cotton fabric that is still comfortable to wear even on hot summer days.

6. Camet Sailing Shorts

r3000-2

Camet R3000 are the best looking, top quality shorts with an option to insert foam pads for comfortable seating on board. These shorts are made of lightweight nylon fabric that has a Durable Water Repellant finish that dries quickly and has a UV rating of 40+. They are reinforced with and abrasion resistant seat pocket.

7. North Salls Cap

hi-res-621429_0099_psfront1

If you haven’t yet worn a cap lined with fleece, then you best be buying this one. Made to stretch and move with you, its lining just makes for added insulation and the ultimate in comfort.

8. Murphy&Nye Swim Trunks

murphy-nye-mens-swimming-board-shorts

Murphy & Nye is one of the top brands for nautical hipsters, so these shorts are perfect for jumping off the boat for a swim while anchored on a posh place;)
9. OLAF Scooter

olaf-scooter-2
OLAF Urban is a 4-in-1 unique solution that incorporates removable ergonomically-designed backpack, trolley, a steerable kick-scooter, and a skateboard. It’s extremely versatile and will instantly blend in with your lifestyle. It’s an ideal companion in various settings: shopping, traveling abroad, or just cruising around.
10. Strida Carbon Folding Bike

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
STRiDA C1 (C = carbon) is something pretty special and unique. Now you don’t have to buy a Ferrari or Lamborghini to get admiring looks in the marina:)

New Theory of Sailing

People have been sailing for thousands of years and flying since 1903 (Wight brothers), but it is incredible that just recently, it was explained completely how it is possible to fly/sail with Claes Johnson’s New Theory of Flight from 2008.

People have been sailing for thousands of years and flying since 1903 (Wight brothers), but it is incredible that just recently,  it was explained completely how it is possible to fly/sail with Claes Johnson’s New Theory of Flight from 2008.

It is possible to sail upwind (against the wind) by beating with close hauled sails. In beating both the sail and keel act like airfoils generating forces of lift L and drag D at certain angles of attack of the sail to the wind direction and of the keel to the the motion of the boat through the water. A forward component of the lift from the sail (drive) propels the boat forward, while the side component (heeling) is balanced by lift in the opposite direction from the keel. The drive is balanced by drag forces from sail, keel and hull.

sail7

The key to uncover the mathematical secret of flight came from a correct resolution of d’Alembert’s paradox form 1752. The new flight theory directly reflects properties of Navies-Stokes solutions.

ambssailing 80

Correct explanation of lift by perturbation of potential flow (left) at separation from physical low-pressure turbulent counter-rotating rolls (middle) changing the pressure and velocity at the trailing edge into a flow with downwash and lift (right).

The Secret Revealed in Four Basic Steps:

  1. The flow is incompressible with small skin friction and thus can only separate at stagnation at the trailing edge (before stall).
  2. Main lift is created by low pressure (negative) on top of the leading edge of high speed flow in accordance with Bernoulli’s Principle.
  3. Main drag is created by high pressure (positive) on the leading edge by low speed flow in accordance with Bernoulli’s Principle.
  4. Lift and drag from the leading edge are preserved by a specific flow separation pattern at the trailing edge with alternating high and low pressure with zero mean.

Real Flow Around a Wing

35-2

Low pressure (blue) on top of the leading edge giving lift L about 3 times as big as the high pressure at the front of leading edge giving drag D resulting in blue area/red area = L/D > 10. The flow leaves the wing at the trailing edge without high/low pressure in a downward motion as downwash creating lift as reaction force.

Wind Tunnel Images – WB Sails

The complete New Theory of Flight can be found on a blog: http://secretofflight.wordpress.com/

A book – The Secret of Sailing can be downloaded in pdf format HERE!

sail

Sponsors Wanted!

We plan to sail around the World on board a legendary 34 foot ‘HIR 3’. It’s a unique opportunity to test the best people, equipment and products in the extreme ocean conditions!

It has been a while since the last time a Croatian sailing yacht circumnavigated the World… so we want to change that with our project ‘HIR 3 across 3 Oceans’. We plan to sail around the World on board a legendary 34 foot ‘HIR 3’, like Mladen Šutej, Ozren Bakrač and many others did 30 years ago. It’s a unique opportunity to test the best people, equipment and products in the extreme ocean conditions! Everyone and everything that circumnavigates the globe and rounds the Cape Horn will be worth something:) We are filming a documentary about it, writing a book and all the media (TV, radio, newspapers, magazines and internet) is already covering our story…

Vendee-Globe(20)

Join us! Drop us a line… sasa.fegic@gmail.com. We believe that it’s a great marketing opportunity…

Bulletproof

The boat was moored in ACY marina in Dubrovnik when the war in Croatia started. There were 286 bullet holes in the hull! This was one of the antiaircraft bullets that was found in the bulkhead. She proved to be bulletproof…

I have found a bullet when I was cleaning the bilge. It was a big one! It had small screws, so it was obvious that it was a ‘souvenir’ that was mounted on the bulkhead.

IMG_3589

The boat was moored in ACY marina in Dubrovnik when the war in Croatia started. The whole town and the marina were surrounded and heavily bombed. Mladen Šutej negotiated and got a permission to enter the marina and leave with a boat before marina was occupied when all of the boats were destroyed.

1323160654branitelji_komolca

There were 286 bullet holes in the hull! But Mladen Šutej assured me that everything was carefully repaired. This was one of the antiaircraft bullets that was found in the bulkhead.

She proved to be bulletproof… 🙂